If an employee feels that you have treated them unfairly, in some situations (such as unfair dismissal, for example), they're entitled to make a claim against you.
Initially, they must approach Acas (the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service) and try to resolve the dispute through them (this process is known as early conciliation).
But if a mutually agreed decision can't be found, the case can then be taken to an employment tribunal. This is an independent legal organisation that aims to resolve employment-rights disputes between employees and their employers.
Here's what to expect if you do need to deal with an employment tribunal:
Attend the preliminary hearing (if required)
You may need to meet with the judge or hearing officer to discuss when the hearing will take place, how long it'll last for, and if any further information is required from you.
Prepare for the hearing
You'll receive a letter confirming the date of the hearing at least 14 days beforehand. Use this time to arrange for your witnesses to attend and ensure any necessary documents are available to support your case.
You and the employee are entitled to ask each other to provide any documents necessary, such as notes from meetings, relevant policies, copies of written warnings, the employee's contract, for example. The tribunal will often advise when you may exchange these documents, and they may also write to you to state which documents will need to be brought with you to the hearing.
Your witnesses (people who have first-hand knowledge of the matter or attended formal meetings, for example) should give evidence to directly support your case. If you can't encourage yours to attend, you may request the tribunal instructs them to do so, by giving the tribunal the witness' name, address, details of how they can help the case, and why they are not currently agreeing to attend.
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